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Just How Expensive Is Warhammer 40K? A Complete Look

    This question gets asked a lot and it’s usually answered in sarcasm and vagaries. So, today I thought I would put an actual value to the question of how expensive is Warhammer 40K.

    This information will inevitably vary army to army, but the goal is to give a basic foundation of cost for Warhammer 40K based on things you will be required to buy for a game.

    A bit of a disclaimer here. Prices can fluctuate quite a bit from those listed if you’re buying from a place like eBay, Amazon, or some online retailer in general. Also, the army you choose to play will have a significant impact on how much the game costs. Basically, I’m giving a rough idea and nothing is concrete.

    This article does assume you have some knowledge of the game. You don’t need to have any knowledge to understand what that final cost is. Money is money! However, I do try to explain the cost, what’s being purchased, and that’s where game knowledge is handy.

    Costs to Start Playing

    Starting out will have some upfront initial costs for buying materials you need to play the game. If you’re an existing wargamer then some of these costs won’t apply to you. For example, you probably already have dice and a measuring tape. However, someone completely new will need to buy everything.

    Warhammer 40K Rules

    Rulebook – Free to $50. You can download the core rules for free from Games Workshop. However, those core rules are lacking a few things like advanced rules and different game types.

    Codex/Index – A codex is more expensive around $50, where an index is only $25. Indexes are what we got when 8th edition released, and slowly Games Workshop is giving everyone a codex. So, you may even have to buy both if your codex isn’t out yet. For the sake of discussion, we’ll go with the $50 price here.

    Dice – At the very least I would suggest a brick of dice. I prefer the 12mm dice because you’ll need to roll a lot of dice, so the smaller dice is easier to manage. You can get dice for $8 if you buy Chessex.

    Measuring Tape – On average you’ll spend about $5 for one, but you can find them cheaper, not to mention way more expensive too. Being that 40K uses a table that’s 4ft x 6ft, you won’t need a 50ft measuring tape, but you will need a measuring tape to measure weapon ranges and such.

    Hobby Knife – Another affordable item at only $5. A hobby knife is used for miniature model assembly, in case you weren’t sure.

    Super Glue – You gotta glue those models together! My recommendation for super glue is Zap-A-Gap and that’s around $9. You can get cheaper super glue, but this glue has always worked amazing for me.

    Paints – Painting an army is a long process, but you have to start somewhere. The bare minimum, or commonly accepted painting requirements, is 3 colors. The Citadel Paints are around $5 a pot, so you’re at $15 here at least. Plus, you’ll need a primer. We’ll say $5 for that, putting you at $20 in paints to start.

    Paint Brushes – Can’t do any painting without them! It’s possible to pick some up for a few dollars, though you can easily spend $30 or more a brush.

    Total Starting Cost = $105 – $147
    Average Cost = $126

    The only cost incurred by the existing wargamer above (the $100 range) is the rulebook and codex. It’s safe to assume they have the hobby supplies. The newer wargamer has to buy it all, so $142.

    However, to avoid having to constantly give price ranges for everything else, I’ll assume an average cost of $121 (new vs existing average).

    If you are a new miniature painter then check out my article on painting supplies to help guide you starting out, as well as my article on hobby supplies you’ll need.

    Army Transportation

    Another cost consideration, but one I didn’t list here, is army transportation.

    Citadel Skirmish Figure Case

    I chose not to list is because some people don’t bother, but there’s others who spend hundreds of dollars on it.

    However, it’s a cost that shouldn’t be overlooked either.

    Buying Your Army

    This is the real variable. So, I’m going to base the costs on averages from a Space Marine army seeing as it’s the most popular one. This can change quite a bit army to army, not to mention the style of play you enjoy. Maybe the style of play you enjoy is cheaper (lots of infantry), or it could be more expensive (lots of tanks). Again, this is all to give a rough idea.

    Below I will give the cost of what’s being discussed and also a total cost. The total cost is the running price for everything prior to that section plus this current section. So, the total cost shown in the 1,000pt army section will be the starting costs from above + the cost to buy the 1,000pt army.

    Note that in some sections you’ll see paint. I’m adding paint in here and there because the reality is you’re going to run out of it, or you’re going to be buying more to increase the colors you have; especially where I started this off at only 3 paints.

    In either case, it’s a realistic component of the hobby, and in turn expense. In truth, the cost would be higher than what I’m using for most players, but I want the cost focus to be on models instead of paint.

    Space Marines

    1,000pt Army

    This is a decent goal to shoot for when you’re starting a new army. It’s big enough that people won’t mind playing, but not so big that it takes you months and months to achieve. Games smaller than this might be hard to find an opponent for. Of course, if you have friends getting you into the game then I’m sure they’ll play whatever size army you have.

    HQs – You’ll want at least one HQ, and having a second isn’t a bad idea. Actually, in 8th edition I’d recommend it. On average an HQ will cost you $30, so you’ll spend $60 here.

    Troops – I would suggest getting two troops choices to start with. I know it’s a bit of an old school approach, but it doesn’t make it a bad one. My math is putting this at an average of $38, so $76 for both boxes of troops.

    Elites – On average this comes in around $50 a box, and one box should suffice early on.

    Fast Attack – You can get away with $40 for a fast attack choice.

    Heavy Support – This is often the pricier models to buy since it includes larger kits like tanks and large monsters. Expect to pay an average of $65 a box, and one box will suffice to start.

    Cost = $291
    Total Cost = $417

    It should be noted that you could jump right into a Battalion Detachment at this point by picking up a third Troop unit. If you didn’t pick up a Fast Attack and instead got a Troop then you’ll spend the same amount (well, $2 less actually), and have yourself a Battalion from the start. You could pick up an extra Fast Attack later on if you wanted.

    Ultimately, you can build up an army an infinite amount of ways, this is just the method I picked :)

    1,500pt Army

    By the standards of 8th edition, a 1,500pt army is still on the small side, but it’s a good place to be at when building a new army.

    At this point you’re adding in units and filling gaps you have in your list. Again, it’s all very subjective, but I’ll do my best based on experience and what I see in the 40K scene.

    Now that I’ve established the price per-unit above, going forward I’ll just list the expected cost based on battlefield role.

    I’m taking the approach of buying a single unit for each of those battlefield roles.

    Troops – $38
     – $50
    Fast Attack – $40
    Heavy Support – $65
    Paint – $10

    Cost = $203
    Total Cost = $620

    2,000pt Army

    I could add a lot of variations of sizes before hitting 2,000pts, but why bother? You’re aiming for a 2,000pt army ideally, since that’s the average size of a 40K game.

    HQs – $30
    Elites – $50
    Fast Attack – $40
    Heavy Support – $65
    Paint – $10

    Cost = $195
    Total Cost = $815

    At this point you’ll have 3 HQs, 3 Elites, 3 Troops, 3 Fast Attack, and 3 Heavy Support choices. With this you could build a Battalion Detachment.

    My idea was to present this in a rounded way. Most players aim for getting at least one Battalion Detachment in their lists to get more Command Points. You could easily do two Battalions at 2,000pts, but that comes down to preference, so I stuck to just one in this example.

    So, How Expensive Is Warhammer 40K? (tl;dr)

    To go from having nothing in 40K to having the required books, a 2,000pt army (standard size), with some hobby supplies, is $815.

    It’s often joked that they call the game Warhammer 40,000 because it costs $40,000 to play the game. Well, it’s not that much, but it’s not a cheap hobby either.

    That being said, there are more expensive hobbies out there than 40K. Look at photography, skiing, ATVs, RVs, etc., as examples of hobbies you’ll spend way more in than 40K. Sure, there’s cheaper hobbies too, but wargaming isn’t the most expensive one by any means either.

    Piggy Bank

    My point with this article wasn’t to scare people away from the game, but instead to give realistic examples and expectations of cost. Hell, you could buy everything off eBay and get yourself a 2,000pt army for under $200; I’ve seen it done. The reality is though that you’re going to spend some serious cash.

    There are some easy ways to save when starting an army too, other than discount retailers. GW has some Start Collecting! boxes that can be a great way to jump into an army. You get a few units, usually all useful, for a discounted price.

    The reason I didn’t use them in the calculations is that they are pretty varied army to army. Some give you an HQ and some troops, others give you troops and elites, etc. It’s not consistent, so I opted to ignore them.

    There’s nothing that says you have to buy everything all at once, or even within a few months. Many people will build up to an army this size over the course of a year or more. If you aim to do it within a year, which is reasonable, and average the cost out over the 12 months, then it would cost you $64.33 a month. That’s a bit easier to digest I think ;)

    Ongoing Expenses

    Once you have that 2,000pt army, the costs goes down quite a bit. At that point, many of us buy a unit here and there to give ourselves some more choices with how we build our list. Also, if a new codex comes out, it might have new units that didn’t exist previously.

    So, on average I’d say you’ll spend around $100 – $150 a year on kits for an army after that initial investment. Maybe you don’t spend anything after you get the 2K list, or maybe you go all out and buy a ton more? That’s my ballpark guesstimate based on myself and others I know anyway.

    If you’re reading this because you’re interested in starting the game then check out a series I have on how to play 40K. It covers starting an army, learning the rules, playing your first game, etc.


    I’ve created a nifty little infographic for easy sharing if anyone is interested.

    The Cost of Warhammer 40K

    If you’d like to use this on your site then here’s the code:

    <a href="" target="_blank"><img src=""></a>

    Did I miss anything? Does that sound about right to my fellow veteran 40K players?


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    Kenneth Raymond
    Kenneth Raymond
    6 years ago

    I’d concur with your pricing here. Some armies (Imperial knights, custodies) will be cheaper due in part to the high cost in game for their units. while Imperial guard and tyranids lurk towards the higher end of the spectrum for initial cost.

    Personally I assembled a death guard army late last year. (It is sitting at about 2700 pts of painted minis) and it cost me (including the codex, paints and my custom redemptor dreadnought) £325GBP/$450 US (I bought everything from a retailer with a 10-15% discount on all models & I still have ~ another 700 pts worth of unpainted DG)

    Lord Manton
    6 years ago
    Reply to  Thor

    I really enjoyed this article. As an established gamer it doesn’t really apply, but knowing a ball-park figure to explain to interested friends is very useful. I’m surprised you didn’t include a section on going the “Start Collecting” or starter set routes. Here in Aus a Start Collecting box will save you about $50-$60 which is enough to get that second troops choice!

    Anyways, another insightful, practically useful article. Thank you

    Tyler Provick
    Tyler Provick
    6 years ago

    As much as I avoid GW due to the cost it really isn’t a very expensive hobby. Video games, at $60-70 a pop, can quickly become more expensive. Photography starts at around $2k if you want a decent camera, lenses, tripod, camera bag. More if you consider the cost of the computer needed to process images. Likely someone already has one, but also likely someone has a tape measure lying around.

    The trick to keeping the wallet happy is: Paint everything you buy. Don’t buy more than you can paint in a month.

    I always see people selling, at a loss, a giant, mostly unpainted and unassembled collection of miniatures in order to afford a new army for the same game.

    Rory (Stepping Between Games)

    Good stuff chief. Sounds like a solid thought out set of choices. I would say once you buy a starter set you should be set for a while for building and painting. Plenty of time to save.

    6 years ago

    I think I might go with 2 HQ and 3 Troops to get a Battalion in the 1000 Point force. That has kind of replaced the 1 HQ and 2 Troops standard of past editions, and especially for Armies with a Codex, the CP make a big difference. Definitely worth taking the Start Collecting boxes into account too.

    In the final analysis, tho, 40K costs the same as any other hobby: as much as you have available for disposable income.

    6 years ago
    Reply to  Thor

    Yep. It works both ways. You can either be shocked when you add it all up, or think about the fact that it was a series of individually perfectly reasonable and modest purchases.

    There’s also the dollars per hour argument. Compared to, say, $4 for a comic that takes 10 minutes to read, or even $10 for a 2 hour movie, 40K is a perfectly reasonable use of entertainment/hobby money. Especially for someone who enjoys all aspects of the hobby, and can count building, painting, and playing all as enjoyment time, rather than as an additional cost.

    6 years ago

    Can I put an alternative take out?

    If you are part of an established gaming group you can get started very cheaply. In my gaming group one of the guys who normally plays board games decided to get into 40K. As a Christmas present he received a painted 500 point Khorne Daemon army (I had them and had no need for them), and subsequently a Daemon Prince and 3 Bloodcrushers. So far he is well on his way to 1,000 points and has spent… AUD56 to get himself a codex.

    So, the message is that in 40K as in any hobby you can spend a lot or a little and it is really specific to each persons circumstances.

    6 years ago

    Great article. Obviously that is an approach. Deppending on units chosen, and offers the price could vary a lot up or down.

    Dave Weston
    6 years ago
    Reply to  Thor

    Therein lies the follow-up posts – cheapest $wise 2000pt army ;) Defintiely an interesting overview though with so many variables but a great target for people to try and beat too!

    Dave Weston
    6 years ago
    Reply to  Thor

    It’s the surprise that an Imperial Knight army can actually come in cheaper than armies with deals on bulk purchases. Or the likes of Custodes where you only need to buy a few. I think perhaps for Space Marine players you probably can’t go wrong with Betrayal at Calth. I;ve been eying it since it was released but really don’t need all the figures but I’m pretty certain they could form just one army and you also get a game.

    And Deathwatch Overkill is still the single most advised purchase for any Genestealer Cult player, the amount of time you see ‘2 boxes’ as the default ‘start collecting’ advice to those interested. And again you get a game and can sell off the Death Watch!

    Dave Weston
    6 years ago
    Reply to  Thor

    Every blog has to have a USP ;) we’re all doing battle reports and Codex reviews.

    Budget wise for instance with nids it’s worth noting that Tervigon/Tyrannofex kit is significantly cheaper than the Exocrine/Haruspex or the Toxicrene. Taking into account the effectiveness of both the Tfex and Exocrine, which are comparable you may as well get the Tfex as its cheaper and you get more model for your money too! It’s also easier to get hold of.

    Its all about value, like how Genestealers, in all their guises are ten a penny on ebay and soooo effective and can also springboard a Genestealer Cult Army as well in fact they’re a ‘2fer’! Loads of cool content in that subject. You should do it.

    3 years ago

    One thing I want to point out, that wasn’t mentioned in the article is the existance of discount stores such as Mindtaker and Warpfire. I was able to get a pretty massive Space Wolves Army for under 450$. I personally, always try to either buy older models (such as the metal Classic Marine Characters), or second-hand.

    3 years ago


    3 years ago

    I really believe that with the pandemic the growth in popularity of war hammer my local store has run out of irks, so I order them online. This helped me notice buying them online is wayyyy cheaper than in store and also just saves me a lot of money with different discounts.

    Gene Kelley
    Gene Kelley
    3 years ago

    I have a question for YOU or anyone else that might be interested. I know nothing about Warhammer figurines or the vehicles etc. but I have A LOT of them. Most of them are metal, some are plastic. Some have never been opened, none of them are painted. There are some crazy looking animal/ beast guys riding in some wild rides. So basically I know ZERO about this stuff. I am a grandfather stuck with getting rid of many types over many years of toys. These were rarely looked at. I paid for them but I don’t remember how much or when. They are from@ the late 80’s to the oldest being 1992.
    I have a few hundred of them.
    If anyone is interested I will take a group picture of it all and let it go for the first fair offer. Trust me I’m not looking for a lot.
    Let me know if your interested.
    Gene K.

    7 months ago

    I recently did some rough calculations on how much it costs to start playing 40 and it’s interesting to see the difference some of the box sets (especially Leviathan) has made for a Space Marine player – a combat patrol set (with all the paints and tools) of around 500 points is approx $275, 1500 points is $459 and a 2k point army is $630.

    Here’s a link:

    Obviously eBay is a huge factor in keeping costs down but it depends on how patient you are. I sometimes either don’t save anything (or end up paying virtually the same as buying things new) because I get into a bidding war!