Miniature Painting Tips & Advice

15 Simple Tips That Will Make You a Better Miniature Painter

This article idea was sparked by a recent video that Games Workshop posted on color theory. If you haven’t seen it, definitely watch it. It’s going to help you become a better miniature painter, but more on that below.

Now, this video marks a special moment for Games Workshop because it’s the first time they discuss theory. See, typically their videos (which are great) show you how to paint a model. The videos are short, easy to follow, and give you everything you need to recreate what they’re doing.

Therein also lays the problem.

So, below you’re going to find my tips on how to become a better miniature painter. My goal is to keep them short and sweet. I’m not going to over explain anything because that would be counter-productive to what I’m aiming to do.

If you prefer video format, then I’ve done a video that covers most everything below. However, do be sure to read on as well since I tend to write better than I speak ;)

1. You Be You

If you want to become a better miniature painter then my first tip is simple, don’t copy the work of others.

We all start somewhere with painting and duplicating what we see on the box, or what someone else did is common.

I’m not saying don’t do this if you’re learning. However, at some point, if you want to grow as a painter, you have to forge your own path. You have to do something you came up with, not follow the work of others.

Every painter admires the work of other painters. We also look to others for inspiration and ideas. The miniature painting community is full of amazing work. Leave it at that though, admiration and inspiration.

2. Learn Theories & Concepts

This tip is what makes that GW video so great. That being, learn painting theories and concepts.

You don’t have to be an art major to understand some basic painting theories and principles like color theory. Taking the time to understand the fundamentals of your hobby is crucial to expanding as a painter.

Color Wheel

See, the color theory video doesn’t explicitly tell you what to do or how to do it, but it shows you a basic concept and how it’s applied to models. You are armed with information so that you can make your own decisions regarding color theory. This will take you so much further as a painter than being told to do X or Y.

Speaking of, Dave has a great set of articles he did on color theory over on Wargaming Tradecraft.

Which leads me to…

3. Always Learn Why

Bringing tip #1 and #2 together is this. Find painters you admire and ask them why they did what they did, not how. Try and get inside the mind of an artist and learn why they made the choices they did.

Why did they use those two colors there?

How come there’s little contrast on the model?

Why would you paint an entire model in shades of grey?

Understanding the thought process of painters will help you formulate your own process, concepts, and ideas. It’s going to get you thinking and making connections you hadn’t thought of before. It’s a bit intoxicating honestly.

4. Push Yourself All the Time

Push, push, push!

Nobody gets better at something by stagnating.

If you want to become a better miniature painter then you constantly need to be pushing yourself into uncharted territory. Try those techniques you feel are too difficult. Never settle for good enough. Get good at a technique and then move on to another.

If you need a hand, then check out the various tutorials I have here on things like using washes and glazing to get some nice subtle effects, or learning how to blend, maybe how to paint OSL, or push yourself to learn NMM (non metallic metal).

Do something that you’re not comfortable with. Just try something different.

Confucius

Recently I decided to paint some extremely rusty Stormcasts to do something different and to work on a new technique. I wanted to step outside my wheelhouse. I had so much fun doing something different that it lead to me creating a realistic rust tutorial.

Many of us painters plateau at some point. You get good, you like what you’re doing, and you are consistent. All great things. This is also when you dive into new waters and explore.

Leading me into…

5. Experience is Crucial

There’s no shortcut for experience.

You could watch the most amazingly produced video tutorial on a painting technique you’ve never tried and not even come close to matching it.

I think at this point in our lives we all understand the importance of experience, so I don’t think I need to sell this one much. Just remember that when you’re working on something and it’s not coming out quite the way you wanted.

Speaking of…

6. Failure is OK!

You’re going to fail and that’s OK. We learn from failure, so we accept it, we embrace it, and we do not shy from it.

My big advice in this area is to realize that and to work to completion. Don’t stop because the technique isn’t perfect, or the color choices aren’t 100% perfect. Push through it, finish it, and learn from it.

Let that model serve as a reminder of where you started, of the mistakes you made, and to show how far you’ve come, not as something to be ashamed of.

Now, I do have a guide on common painting mistakes and how to avoid them that will give you a bit of an edge here. Still, you’re going to have mishaps and accidents, it happens.

Miniature Painting Mistakes

And here this rolls perfectly into the next…

7. Learn to Accept

One of the hardest, if not the hardest things to learn as a painter is acceptance.

Other than accepting your failures, you also have to learn to accept who you are as a painter. At some point you’re going to notice your style with painting emerge. I’ve talked about painting style before, so check that out if you’re unclear.

Miniature Painting Style

I think many of us tend to have a hard time accepting our style of painting, at least initially. I feel this is because we have a preconceived notion of what are painting will be like; often modeled after the painters we admire.

Instead of what you expect, you’re presented with something that’s uniquely you, and you need to learn to love that. Your style, your thoughts, your process, it’s all distinct and that’s what makes it amazing.

Embrace what you create, accept it, and you’ll grow for it.

8. Seek Constructive Criticism

This may be the easiest thing to do on the list. Almost everyone is on social media, so it’s really easy to share your work and get feedback.

Getting constructive criticism is extremely important as an artist. I fully believe that we paint for ourselves, and what we think of our own work is what matters.

Still, getting the eyes of other people on something you’re doing can often help because they may see something you didn’t. Plus, having more experienced painters see your work is a great way to get advice from them.

Having others check out your painting is also a great way to reaffirm things as well. Let’s face it, we all enjoy compliments.

9. Trust Your Gut

This ties into the last one a bit, but always trust your gut. This is just as true in painting as it is in life.

I have often used others, by showing my work, as a way to push this home.

For example, I might have done something that I wasn’t sure about, it didn’t feel right, but maybe it’s just me? So, I post it and get feedback. Without fail, people will spot the thing I was unsure of and I’ll get valuable feedback.

Trust Your Gut

The point is, if you’re not comfortable with how something is going then step back and evaluate it. Give yourself some time with it. I’ve often found how I see something the next day is different than when I’m in the middle of it.

If it still doesn’t feel right later then trust yourself and find another solution. It’s better to spend more time on something than you planned and be happy with it than rush through and not like it.

10. Don’t Overthink It

This one plays off of trusting your gut, and may be the biggest thing I struggled with as a painter.

I’m a programmer by trade. I make my living typing code and thinking through everything logically. Painting, or art in general, may be the furthest thing in the world from programming. Art is at the whim of artist and intended to convey a feeling, mood, or have some other desired effect by the artist.

I used to try to approach miniature painting like programming. I would look at the models as a problem that needed solving and all the solutions would be predetermined responses, an algorithm.

Now, it’s not a bad idea, that type of mindset, if you’re trying to methodically paint an army and you see it as a process, not something you want to be doing. However, I wanted to enjoy painting and the rigid mindset was having the opposite effect.

I started over thinking everything, trying to find the precise way light would reflect of this particular surface in these particular conditions…it was overwhelming.

That’s not to say you shouldn’t have references and an idea how things should look, however, don’t let it consume you. Trying to paint everything as realistic as possible will drive you mad, and no matter what you do, it will never look right to you.

There is a common phrase with miniature painting – the rule of cool. This translates to just doing things that look cool regardless of whether or not they’re accurate. Maybe the light wouldn’t bounce off a surface in that way, but it looks cool, so who cares?

Bob Ross is a huge inspiration to me, which I’ve talked about in length before. Not because his art was amazing, which I think it is, but because of his attitude and mentality with painting. With Bob it’s never about getting everything perfect; it’s about enjoying what you’re doing and being free with it.

Just let your mind drift off a bit and let your brush guide you, not your consciousness.

Bob Ross Inspiration

11. There’s Always Tomorrow

I’ve mentioned this before, but I’m a very patient person. I’m not impulsive and I’m not quick to anger. However, when it comes to painting I can get very aggravated, anxious, and impatient. While I enjoy painting, I often reach a tipping point where I just want it done.

In those moments I try to step away. If I paint through those impatient moments then it shows on the model. It could be that it’s just sloppy, a poor choice in color because I used what was already on my palette, or simply letting my standards slip.

Some times I just set aside the model for the next day and that’s OK. It’s better to approach a model in the right mind-set than to do something just because you have the time to do it.

12. Take Pride in Your Art

At the end of the day, you want to take pride in your art. Even if what you just painted wasn’t your best, you should be proud of yourself for finishing something, and for learning from those mistakes you made in the process.

Pride

It’s easy to give up, to not push yourself to new heights, but it takes strength and determination to try to improve your painting, to fail, and to keep going.

So, always appreciate what you’ve done and never hang your head in shame.

I’ve painted some stuff that I’m not 100% happy with, but I can always find something on the model that I’m really happy with, so it’s never a complete failure, and I can take pride in that at least.

13. Never Apologize!

I was looking at buttons the other day and saw this on a button, so I take no credit for it.

Never apologize for your art.

Anonymous

On this entire list, this is the one thing I struggle the most with. We, as artists, are naturally defensive about what we create. So, by issuing an apology ahead of time we are putting it out there that what we’ve done is not perfect and there’s no need to point that out. We are shielding ourselves from criticism.

I try like hell not to do this, and I’ve gotten better at it, but it’s a struggle we all deal with. However, by not apologizing we are accepting what we’ve created. We leave ourselves open to praise and criticism alike and can in turn grow as artists.

You don’t have to love everything you do, and it’s fine to see the flaws in it, but don’t apologize for it.

14. Paint Something Different

This one was mentioned by Robert in the comments and I couldn’t agree more.

If you play a large scale game like Warhammer 40K, Age of Sigmar, etc., then you’re going to be painting a lot of the same stuff repeatedly. It doesn’t exactly inspire motivation to try something new with techniques.

Even if you play a smaller scale game with more diversity in the miniatures, you’re painting in a particular setting and can still get complacent with what you’re accomplishing painting-wise.

By branching out on what you’re painting you almost clear your mind a bit and see things differently. Painting a model car is not the same as painting a Space Marine for 40K. Painting a comic book character isn’t the same as a Barbarian. The techniques will change, the approach will change; it’s just different and that’s great for painters. We need diversity.

One of the biggest things I did to improve my painting was starting to play Warhammer Underworlds. The warbands are small 3-5 models on average, and each warband is very unique. Prior to that I was purely a Warhammer 40K player, with some Blood Bowl on the side. Jumping into a fantasy setting with different races, and a different setting entirely, let me feel confident to try out some new stuff – to push myself more.

I’m also very interested in starting to paint up some busts and one-off miniatures as well. Just something to shake up the proverbial palette and keep things fresh and to try new things out.

So, try something new!

15. Step Away from Social Media

I talk about this subject in my common painting mistakes article – comparing yourself to others. So, I won’t cover that too deep here.

However, relating to that is to just take a break from social media. The problem with social media is that many of us tie our value as artists to it. You post something you put a lot of work into and you only get a few likes and no comments. That can be extremely disheartening.

On the other hand, you could get a lot of likes, everyone comments, and feel really good about yourself.

I think we all have a love/hate relationship with social media. It’s great when it’s great and sucks when it’s not.

Anyway, step back and focus on your painting. Stop scrolling Instagram and seeing amazing pieces by other painters that demotivate you. Stop seeking those likes on Facebook or Twitter. You don’t need others to validate you.

Think of all that time you spend chasing likes and validation. That time could be spent improving your painting, learning new techniques, or reading or watching tutorials to better yourself.

I admit, it’s not easy to set aside social media, it’s become a part of our lives, but you’ll be a better painter for it.

Bonus Tips

I asked some of the painters I really admire the work of to tell me what their advice would be on becoming a better painter. Here’s what they said.

Painting miniatures is a great way to find relaxation in our stressful lives. It’s an amazing hobby with endless improvement possibilities for you as a hobbyist. Cherish it and try to avoid painting because you must and only because you want to. You get the most out of a painting-session if you paint on your own terms and paint the models you find cool or interesting. Best way to get better is to be curious and brave and it’s perfectly fine to fail. The best painters have failed more times than the beginners have tried.

– Johan Hoflin @Hoflin

This one is from Mengel Miniatures. You may have seen a lot of his work on the Warhammer Community site.

Always learn the proper way to utilize a technique or method before learning the shortcut. This way you’ll understand why it works the way it does and have a better grasp on it.

-Mengel Miniatures

Conclusion

Hopefully you found this little list useful. I’ve been doing a lot of research lately for something unrelated to this, a project of sorts, and this is the type of stuff I’ve enjoyed reading in that process – short, insightful advice that doesn’t overdo it. I like being taught how to think about something, not what to think.

I also think that learning to get better at something, anything, is 90% self-confidence and 10% skill. If you don’t believe in yourself then you won’t improve. However, a little advice, guidance, and a pat on the back can go a long way towards a goal.

Now, while I feel that it’s not the tools that make the painter, I do have an article that covers the essential painting supplies everyone needs that you may find interesting. There’s the basics you expect, but also a few gems you may never have thought about.

If you have your own advice to share then I’d love to hear it in the comments.

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Westrider

On “Acceptance”, it’s also important to be able to accept when you’ve gotten as far as possible with something, and you’re not going to be able to gain anything in terms of either quality or experience, and it’s time to just let it be done, take what you learned so far, and move on to the next project. A new start like that can really help solidify what you’ve got so far and move on to the next step in your progression.

Shaun Scott
Shaun Scott

“Don’t let perfect be the enemy of good”. The main reason I don’t get to game much is because I won’t play with unpainted miniatures and I’m always tinkering with the ones on my desk, trying to make them look a little better.
I’m just now (after 35 years doing this) getting to a place where I can say “this looks great for the tabletop” and if I want to touch them up some other time, fine – but get them ready to play is the first step.

Westrider

I was somewhat faster to hit that point, but it still took me maybe 10-12 years.

Shaun Scott
Shaun Scott

Of all the things above, my breakthrough came when I made myself push on through. I used to get midway through a paint job, hate what I saw, and toss it into the Simple Green.
When I finally forced myself to keep working instead, I discovered something wonderful. It’s sort of like remodeling your house – midway through the job, it looks like a disaster. You can’t imagine it will ever look good. But if you keep at it, the end result is a reflection of the added effort.

Westrider

I have definitely had some projects that looked like absolute garbage until I hit a certain point, and then it just pulled the whole thing together. I’ve definitely been better about pushing through since I recognized that.

Lord Manton

I would add one point to this list and that’s “Know your goal”: When you’re painting a mini, are you painting it to be a display piece, a centrepiece for an army or unit, or is it a smaller part of the whole? A lot of people worry about not having painted all the bits and bobs and little details, and declare themselves bad painters. But often, particularly with squads of models, it isn’t the individual details but the cohesive look of the unit that’s important.

For example, my Space Wolves are a company of heroes, each with his own saga and legacy of war. So they all have little details on them signifying acts of valour or particularly memorable battles. I like to have each and every detail painted to tell the story of that one guy.

My Iron Warriors on the other hand are the pawns of the gods, the meat sent into the grinder for a higher purpose. I don’t worry so much about each model, rather I worry about how they’re going to look clustered up against the battlements of my enemy’s fortifications. One termagaunt will never be impressive, but a swarm of 40 of them will blow you away.

acmaurer
acmaurer

Good advice for painting–and for life.

Rory (Stepping Between Games)

Wonderful advice that I somehow missed first time around.

Thor

Thanks. It’s hard to catch everything as it comes up on every site too.

Robert
Robert

might I add a suggestion, for branching out and growing, is to try other models, not just miniatures, sometimes the techniques and process can be used and perfected on those as well, I prefer comic book characters because of the brighter colors, and learning to control lines where opposing colors meet up. Using thin coats I can adjust the line to a more “natural” feel or if I make a mistake
I also learned a few tricks painting cars and trucks for working with some of the clear paints on windows or mirrors and how to blend out the edge of applied decal on something a bit larger.