Making Miniature Foam Trays

How to Make Your Own Miniature Foam Trays Easily (Tutorial)

You spend countless hours putting together your models and painting them. Making sure they are protected is a priority. I’ve seen too many people toting around their models, unprotected, in things like tackle boxes. It’s all to save a buck, and to spend the money saved on miniature foam trays and army cases on more models.

My time is valuable to me, so going back to do touch-ups on models, where the damage could have been prevented, is not my idea of time well spent. All the models I carry around in my bag are in foam trays.

I’ve been making my own foam trays for a few years now, and they’ve held up really well. They’re really cheap to make too. I can make a foam tray that fits in a Sabol case that’s 1.5″ thick for about $3 – $4 a tray.

Around here a pluck and pull tray is about $9. So, I make 3 trays for the cost of one pre-made one; can’t beat that!

Below I will walk you through how to make your own foam trays. It’s easy to do, cheap, and you can customize them however you need.

Aside: This tutorial is aimed at infantry sized models, though it will work with anything really. However, if you’re looking to make some foam trays for something larger, like vehicles, then check out the tutorial that Kamui did for Tanks and Other Large Models.

Disclosure: Some of the links below are affiliate links, meaning, at no additional cost to you, I will earn a commission if you click through and make a purchase. The commission earned helps maintain this site.

The Materials Needed for Miniature Foam Trays

You only need a few items.

Some of these items are basic supplies you should always have around. For a complete list, see my article on hobby supplies. That article covers all the basic stuff every hobbyist needs, as well as a list of items that are just nice to have; that make hobbying easier. You might find something you hadn’t thought of on that list :)

Here’s a shot of the materials you need. The glue I buy at a craft store like Michaels, Jo-Annes, AC Moore, etc. for about $2, and I can get about 4-5 trays out of it. This glue is called Foam Glue, and is made by Creative Hands. I’ve also used regular Elmers glue and it works just as well. Really, any PVA glue will work.

Foam Trays - Materials

I’ve made a template that I use for this particular type of tray I’m making, which you’ll see below. I used a cardboard box, and just cut my slots out of that.

The tray I’m making is 1.5″ thick, and will fit 24 models, in my case Orks. The tray itself is 7.5″ wide by 13″ long, the same size as the Sabol trays.

You’ll see below that my tray and bottom are a bit bigger. I had ordered these ones a little long just to be safe, and I trim off the excess. Also, it’s cheaper if you order the foam in lengths, or widths, that allow you to get more then one tray from it. So, buying one piece of foam 26″ in length and 7.5″ wide and 1.5″ thick is cheaper then one tray at your exact dimensions.

Getting the Foam

What I do is order my foam from this site: (link goes to their packing foam which is what I use)

I use the Y37ch foam for the main part of my tray, what the models go into. I then use the CD100 for the bottom of the tray by gluing it on once I cut the slots out.

The CD100 I get in 1/4 thickness, again for the bottom of the tray. The Y37ch I get in whatever thickness I need for my models.

The foam I use isn’t as dense as buying the pick and pluck trays, but you can get denser foam from them then what I use, it just costs more.

To order, just click one of the types listed above, it doesn’t matter which, and then click on the first shape listed: square or rectangle.

They will cut your foam to size, so just measure the trays you do have, and you can order it in that size from these guys. Then you just have to cut out your slots, which is easy and covered below. What I do is use a breakaway utility knife to cut the slots. I find these work best because you can extend the blade out a few inches, allowing you can cut through the foam easily.

How to Make a Foam Tray

Time needed: 2 hours.

Alright. Now it’s time to turn the block of foam into a miniature foam tray.

  1. Create a Template (Optional)

    If you’re going to do this a lot, say for infantry as I’m doing, then creating a template makes the process way faster and more consistent.

    I have the measurements below in step #2, but all I do is measure everything out on cardboard and cut holes in it.

    The Template

    I just tape the template on the tray, and use black spray paint to define the slots. Let it dry for about 10 minutes, so you don’t get paint all over you when cutting the foam.

  2. Measure Out the Foam Tray

    The slots are 1″ wide by 2″ tall, and works equally as well for most Necrons, Tactical Marines, and things that aren’t overly dynamic in pose.

    The last slots on the tray are a bit larger, being about 2″ x 2″, the result of measuring off the 1″ x 2″ slots, and they work well for things like my Nobz and other larger models.

    I leave a 1/2″ edge around the sides and each slot for stability. Actually, the edge between the 3 vertical slots is a bit under 1/2″, so that I can fit 3 tall.

    After Spraying

    The line on the right is me marking off the excess which I trim off. For that I used a permanent marker. The permanent marker works great for marking your slots as well if you haven’t created a template.

  3. Cut Out the Slots

    I start the knife at an angle to get my initial cut. Once I start cutting, I raise the knife 90 degrees to the tray. Then I use a sawing action, so that I can cut to the bottom of the tray and get a straight cut in the corners.

    Once I’ve hit the first corner, I turn the knife around and go back the other way, towards where I started from, so that corner is cut. It takes a little practice, and you may find your own method, this is just what I’ve found useful.

    Knife Angle

    I do my cutting on a self-healing mat to help avoid dulling the tip of the knife.

    Just go ahead and make all your cuts. I find it’s easier to make all your cuts one way, say all the long sides of the slots, then turn the tray around and make the other cuts, the short sides. It’s a bit tedious, but after you’ve done a few trays you can make all these cuts in about 10-15 minutes.

  4. Pluck the Loose Foam

    Once all the cuts are done, you pluck it out. Don’t pluck them out as you are making your cuts though, do it once all cuts are made. If you pluck them out as you do them then the tray loses density, and it’s harder to make the rest of your cuts. Plus, you can tear the slots easily this way.

    If you did your cuts deep enough, and all corners cuts meet, then plucking it out is easy, but be careful. I keep one hand on the top of the tray while I pluck out the slots.

    All Cut Out

  5. Apply Glue to the Back of the Tray

    Now it’s time to glue on the bottom to the foam tray. I use a liberal amount of glue, and cover all areas on the bottom.

    Foam Tray: Glued Up

  6. Apply the Foam Backing

    Foam Tray: Back is Applied

  7. Add Weight to Hold it Down

    Now weigh it down with something to ensure even pressure. I normally let my trays dry overnight before I use them. However, I’ve also used them in a few hours after gluing when in a rush.

    Once the base is thoroughly dried, I trimmed off the excess I had and I’m done.

    Foam Tray: Weighted Down

  8. Enjoy Your New Tray!


Foam Tray Wrap-up

Making your own foam trays is not hard. It takes a little time, mostly waiting on glue to dry, but saves you so much money in the long run.

These trays really do hold up well. I am still using trays today that I built in 2007. I have never had one of these trays fall apart, and they remain just as functional today as the day I made them.

If you’re a 40K player, and looking for more ways to save cash, then I’ve got a great resource for just that.

Also, if you’re a new hobbyist, and are looking for other things you’ll need, then check out our article on essential supplies you need.

Lastly, I have another site that focuses on storage solutions for miniatures called Miniature Storage. You may find some other ideas there as well.

Hobby Supplies, Tips & Tutorials

Various tutorials and guides for common hobby supplies.

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awesome stuff. those look pretty much as good as sabol or gw’s stuff.

you might want to check out lauby’s take on custom fit trays for vehicles and such

T Brown
T Brown

I had been looking for a inexpensive method for a while now. Much appreciative for your efforts to write up this article


nicely done!

Mario Montes
Mario Montes

this is a very cool and a cheap way to get custom trays, thanks

Narric Techna
Narric Techna

I have a case still, but have no trays, so this is gold to me :D

Roemer's Workshop

Very nifty way of DIY. Thanks for sharing!


I know this is a little on the old side, but I want to thank you for the article anyway! I would like to do this for my paint, but I feel like doing circular slots cleanly would be challenging. Do you have an easy technique for that?

Tyler Provick
Tyler Provick

I don’t know about this foam but some foam can be shaped via heat. I’ve recently been purchasing this stuff called layered foam. I haven’t used it for miniatures yet but I build a tool insert for my hobby stuff that holds all my nipped, files, knives, etc. I used a piece of metal wire heated over a candle to cut finger notches.

I have a thicker piece I’m thinking about using for miniatures.

Stuff is cool, cuts easily and then you just scoop out as many layers as you want. Fast and no glue.


Thanks for listing this article on your year in review. Transport and storage is a big issue for me.

Bryce Christiansen
Bryce Christiansen

What do you store the trays in? Is there a certain case or bag?

Jelena Le
Jelena Le

Good idea! Thanks for sharing…. <3


Interesting piece. I just bought Rising Sun, with all the expansions, so need something suitable to carry it around in that’s not the original boxes.

Thinking you’re missing the benefits of a metal ruler, here, perhaps even a metal carpenter’s square. That may be “duh”, but i don’t see any refernce above… Here are some of the products of which i speak at harbor freight…


The carpenter’s square, & the multisquare both seem useful. I have a set of the (3) L-squares, and it’s decent quality, no question. They also have solid, metal yardsticks. Buy a few of those and some quick release clamps and i bet you could make your cuts go a lot faster and smoother.

Much of their stuff is from China. I would say China, quality-wise, is about where Japan was in the early 70s. Great on non-complex mechanisms, and decent on complex mechanisms. So in value, Harbor Freight are a good first place to hit for many things.